IMAGE:  These tear-drop shaped, highly motile flagellates lack many of their own biosynthetic pathways and rely on the salvage of nutrients from their host for survival. view more

Over the past two decades, the protozoan Tritrichomonas foetus has come to be recognised as a cause of chronic colitis in cats in many countries worldwide. Today trichomonosis is regarded as one of the most common infectious causes of large bowel diarrhea. Affected cats are usually young (median age 1 year), and maintain good health and body condition, but they exhibit a waxing and waning diarrhea. Characteristically, faeces are 'cow pie' in consistency and often contain mucus and/or blood. In many cats, the diarrhea will spontaneously resolve without treatment after several months, but in some cases it continues to wax and wane for many years.

The authors conclude that, while research has come a long way in advancing understanding of this infection, there remain many unanswered questions that are pivotal to future progress. Are feline and bovine T. foetus genotypes truly biologically distinct, residing in separate hosts, or is there the potential for cross-infection between cattle and cats? Should all cats in contact with a Tritrichomonas species infected cat also be treated? What is the long-term effect of Tritrichomonas species infection on feline gastrointestinal health, and can safer and more effective drugs for treatment of the infection be identified?

IMAGE:  These tear-drop shaped, highly motile flagellates lack many of their own biosynthetic pathways and rely on the salvage of nutrients from their host for survival. view more

Over the past two decades, the protozoan Tritrichomonas foetus has come to be recognised as a cause of chronic colitis in cats in many countries worldwide. Today trichomonosis is regarded as one of the most common infectious causes of large bowel diarrhea. Affected cats are usually young (median age 1 year), and maintain good health and body condition, but they exhibit a waxing and waning diarrhea. Characteristically, faeces are 'cow pie' in consistency and often contain mucus and/or blood. In many cats, the diarrhea will spontaneously resolve without treatment after several months, but in some cases it continues to wax and wane for many years.

The authors conclude that, while research has come a long way in advancing understanding of this infection, there remain many unanswered questions that are pivotal to future progress. Are feline and bovine T. foetus genotypes truly biologically distinct, residing in separate hosts, or is there the potential for cross-infection between cattle and cats? Should all cats in contact with a Tritrichomonas species infected cat also be treated? What is the long-term effect of Tritrichomonas species infection on feline gastrointestinal health, and can safer and more effective drugs for treatment of the infection be identified?

The Agriculture and allied departments appear to be in confusion over the implementation of new rules pertaining to cattle sale proposed by the Central Government.

Though the Central government had issued detailed guidelines in the extraordinary gazette on May 23, there is no clarity among the departments about the nodal agency that will monitor the implementation. The Central Government, through its gazette, notified the guidelines indicating the different agencies that would be associated with the implementation of new rules.

The gazette – Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Regulation of Livestock Markets) Rules, 2017 and Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Care and Maintenance of Case Property Animals) Rules, 2017 – specifies the function of State governments like constitution of a state level Animal Welfare Board and district level Animal Market Monitoring Committee headed by the respective collector and registration of the animal markets. There is, however, no forward movement on the development at the State level so far.

IMAGE:  These tear-drop shaped, highly motile flagellates lack many of their own biosynthetic pathways and rely on the salvage of nutrients from their host for survival. view more

Over the past two decades, the protozoan Tritrichomonas foetus has come to be recognised as a cause of chronic colitis in cats in many countries worldwide. Today trichomonosis is regarded as one of the most common infectious causes of large bowel diarrhea. Affected cats are usually young (median age 1 year), and maintain good health and body condition, but they exhibit a waxing and waning diarrhea. Characteristically, faeces are 'cow pie' in consistency and often contain mucus and/or blood. In many cats, the diarrhea will spontaneously resolve without treatment after several months, but in some cases it continues to wax and wane for many years.

The authors conclude that, while research has come a long way in advancing understanding of this infection, there remain many unanswered questions that are pivotal to future progress. Are feline and bovine T. foetus genotypes truly biologically distinct, residing in separate hosts, or is there the potential for cross-infection between cattle and cats? Should all cats in contact with a Tritrichomonas species infected cat also be treated? What is the long-term effect of Tritrichomonas species infection on feline gastrointestinal health, and can safer and more effective drugs for treatment of the infection be identified?

The Agriculture and allied departments appear to be in confusion over the implementation of new rules pertaining to cattle sale proposed by the Central Government.

Though the Central government had issued detailed guidelines in the extraordinary gazette on May 23, there is no clarity among the departments about the nodal agency that will monitor the implementation. The Central Government, through its gazette, notified the guidelines indicating the different agencies that would be associated with the implementation of new rules.

The gazette – Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Regulation of Livestock Markets) Rules, 2017 and Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Care and Maintenance of Case Property Animals) Rules, 2017 – specifies the function of State governments like constitution of a state level Animal Welfare Board and district level Animal Market Monitoring Committee headed by the respective collector and registration of the animal markets. There is, however, no forward movement on the development at the State level so far.

Shortcomings tend to get ignored when teams are on a winning spree. But in the case of the Indian cricket team, the lack of clarity over Ravindra Jadeja’s role, especially in the limited-overs format, is too glaring to be brushed aside. An integral part of the Test team, Jadeja seems to be at the mercy of the selectors in the shorter formats.

On Sunday, Ravindra Jadeja was dropped from India’s squad for the remainder of ODIs against Australia. The all-rounder, who was called in from his much-needed rest period, remained with the squad for the first three ODIs but didn’t feature in a match.

The 28-year-old, who was ‘rested’ before the ODIs began, was called up when Axar Patel suffered a fracture in his finger. But now that Patel is set to return, Jadeja has been forced back into ‘rest’ mode with no clear message over his limited-overs future.

The Cattle Conundrum (Jameson Quinn Mysteries Book 2.


The Cattle Conundrum (Jameson Quinn Mysteries) (Volume 2.

Posted by 2018 article

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