Within the church proper are the last four (or, by some definitions, five) Stations of the Via Dolorosa , representing the final episodes of Jesus' Passion . The church has been a major Christian pilgrimage destination since its creation in the fourth century, as the traditional site of the Resurrection of Christ, thus its original Greek name, Church of the Anastasis.

According to Eusebius of Caesarea , the Roman emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century AD built a temple dedicated to the goddess Venus in order to bury the cave in which Jesus had been buried. [5] [6] The first Christian emperor , Constantine the Great , ordered in about 325/326 that the temple be replaced by a church. [7] During the building of the Church, Constantine's mother, Helena , is believed to have rediscovered the tomb (although there are some discrepancies among authors). [5] Socrates Scholasticus (born c. 380), in his Ecclesiastical History, gives a full description of the discovery. [8]

Constantine's church was built as two connected churches over the two different holy sites, including a great basilica (the Martyrium visited by Egeria in the 380s), an enclosed colonnaded atrium (the Triportico ) with the traditional site of Golgotha in one corner, and a rotunda , called the Anastasis ("Resurrection" in Greek ), which contained the remains of a rock-cut room that Helena and Macarius identified as the burial site of Jesus. [ citation needed ]

Within the church proper are the last four (or, by some definitions, five) Stations of the Via Dolorosa , representing the final episodes of Jesus' Passion . The church has been a major Christian pilgrimage destination since its creation in the fourth century, as the traditional site of the Resurrection of Christ, thus its original Greek name, Church of the Anastasis.

According to Eusebius of Caesarea , the Roman emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century AD built a temple dedicated to the goddess Venus in order to bury the cave in which Jesus had been buried. [5] [6] The first Christian emperor , Constantine the Great , ordered in about 325/326 that the temple be replaced by a church. [7] During the building of the Church, Constantine's mother, Helena , is believed to have rediscovered the tomb (although there are some discrepancies among authors). [5] Socrates Scholasticus (born c. 380), in his Ecclesiastical History, gives a full description of the discovery. [8]

Constantine's church was built as two connected churches over the two different holy sites, including a great basilica (the Martyrium visited by Egeria in the 380s), an enclosed colonnaded atrium (the Triportico ) with the traditional site of Golgotha in one corner, and a rotunda , called the Anastasis ("Resurrection" in Greek ), which contained the remains of a rock-cut room that Helena and Macarius identified as the burial site of Jesus. [ citation needed ]

1) T.p. epigraph: [“Ere yet decay’s effacing fingers / Have swept the lines where beauty lingers, / Go bend thee o’er the illustrious Dead.”]; adapted from George Gordon, Lord Byron, The Giaour (1813), ll. 71-72.

3) Reviews: Monthly Rev. 1.1 (Jan. 1841): 59-67; London Quarterly Rev. 47 (Mar. 1841): 202-12; Quarterly Rev. 67.134 (Mar. 1841): 375-94; American Eclectic 1.3 (Mar. 1841): 587-89 [US; repr. Quarterly Rev. ]; Edinburgh Rev. 73.147 (Apr. 1841): 121-51; Gentleman's Mag. 15 (Apr. 1841): 388-92; London and Edinburgh Mag. 1.3 (May 1841): 201-207; Dublin Rev. 13.26 (Nov. 1842): 485-511; University Mag. 24.143 (Nov. 1844): 527-43 [3rd edn].

Within the church proper are the last four (or, by some definitions, five) Stations of the Via Dolorosa , representing the final episodes of Jesus' Passion . The church has been a major Christian pilgrimage destination since its creation in the fourth century, as the traditional site of the Resurrection of Christ, thus its original Greek name, Church of the Anastasis.

According to Eusebius of Caesarea , the Roman emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century AD built a temple dedicated to the goddess Venus in order to bury the cave in which Jesus had been buried. [5] [6] The first Christian emperor , Constantine the Great , ordered in about 325/326 that the temple be replaced by a church. [7] During the building of the Church, Constantine's mother, Helena , is believed to have rediscovered the tomb (although there are some discrepancies among authors). [5] Socrates Scholasticus (born c. 380), in his Ecclesiastical History, gives a full description of the discovery. [8]

Constantine's church was built as two connected churches over the two different holy sites, including a great basilica (the Martyrium visited by Egeria in the 380s), an enclosed colonnaded atrium (the Triportico ) with the traditional site of Golgotha in one corner, and a rotunda , called the Anastasis ("Resurrection" in Greek ), which contained the remains of a rock-cut room that Helena and Macarius identified as the burial site of Jesus. [ citation needed ]

1) T.p. epigraph: [“Ere yet decay’s effacing fingers / Have swept the lines where beauty lingers, / Go bend thee o’er the illustrious Dead.”]; adapted from George Gordon, Lord Byron, The Giaour (1813), ll. 71-72.

3) Reviews: Monthly Rev. 1.1 (Jan. 1841): 59-67; London Quarterly Rev. 47 (Mar. 1841): 202-12; Quarterly Rev. 67.134 (Mar. 1841): 375-94; American Eclectic 1.3 (Mar. 1841): 587-89 [US; repr. Quarterly Rev. ]; Edinburgh Rev. 73.147 (Apr. 1841): 121-51; Gentleman's Mag. 15 (Apr. 1841): 388-92; London and Edinburgh Mag. 1.3 (May 1841): 201-207; Dublin Rev. 13.26 (Nov. 1842): 485-511; University Mag. 24.143 (Nov. 1844): 527-43 [3rd edn].

This well-preserved Greek theater (5th-centry B.C.) is still used for... read more This well-preserved Greek theater (5th-centry B.C.) is still used for performances of classical works.

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Tour to the sepulchres of Etruria, in 1839 (Book, 1840.


Tour to the Sepulchres of Etruria, in 1839 - Internet Archive

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