The Morea expedition (French: Expédition de Morée ) is the name given in France to the land intervention of the French Army in the Peloponnese (at the time often still known by its medieval name, Morea ) between 1828 and 1833, at the time of the Greek War of Independence .

In 1821, the Greeks revolted against centuries-long Ottoman rule . They won numerous victories early on and declared independence. However, the declaration contradicted the principles of the Congress of Vienna and of the Holy Alliance , which imposed a European equilibrium of the status quo, outlawing any change. In contrast to what happened elsewhere in Europe, the Holy Alliance did not intervene to stop the liberal Greek insurgents.

The Greek victories had been short-lived. The Sultan had called to his aid his Egyptian vassal Muhammad Ali , who had dispatched his son Ibrahim Pasha to Greece with a fleet and 8,000 men, later adding a further 25,000 troops. [1] Ibrahim’s intervention proved decisive: the Peloponnese had been reconquered in 1825; the gateway town of Messolonghi had fallen in 1826; Athens had been taken in 1827. All that Greek nationalists still held was Nafplion , Hydra , Mani and Aegina .

The Morea expedition (French: Expédition de Morée ) is the name given in France to the land intervention of the French Army in the Peloponnese (at the time often still known by its medieval name, Morea ) between 1828 and 1833, at the time of the Greek War of Independence .

In 1821, the Greeks revolted against centuries-long Ottoman rule . They won numerous victories early on and declared independence. However, the declaration contradicted the principles of the Congress of Vienna and of the Holy Alliance , which imposed a European equilibrium of the status quo, outlawing any change. In contrast to what happened elsewhere in Europe, the Holy Alliance did not intervene to stop the liberal Greek insurgents.

The Greek victories had been short-lived. The Sultan had called to his aid his Egyptian vassal Muhammad Ali , who had dispatched his son Ibrahim Pasha to Greece with a fleet and 8,000 men, later adding a further 25,000 troops. [1] Ibrahim’s intervention proved decisive: the Peloponnese had been reconquered in 1825; the gateway town of Messolonghi had fallen in 1826; Athens had been taken in 1827. All that Greek nationalists still held was Nafplion , Hydra , Mani and Aegina .

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Posted by 2018 article

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