The Anthropology Department at the University of Oklahoma has a broadly-based Master's program in biological anthropology, and offers a Ph.D. in Anthropology with an emphasis on Health and Human Biology. Our Health and Human Biology track is an integrative Biological and Medical Anthropology Ph.D. program focusing on the adaptation, evolution, and behaviors of human ancestors and contemporary populations. The primary specialization areas of the faculty and the biological anthropology academic program are genetic/molecular anthropology, medical anthropology, paleopathology, demography, human-animal interactions, and biocultural adaptation.

The University of Oklahoma offers a broad range of graduate-level biological and medical anthropology courses, including Population Genetics, Anthropology and the Health of Indigenous People, Gender and Health, the Anthropology of Aging, Human Adaptability, Medicine and Society, Human Variation, Theory and Method in Biological Anthropology, and Human Evolutionary History. 

Image: What do fractures say about human-animal interactions in the past? Fractured (left) versus normal femur of a domestic dog from the Late Archaic Flint River site, Alabama

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Biological anthropology (also known as bioanthropology [1] and physical anthropology ) is a branch of anthropology that studies the physical development of the human species. It plays an important part in paleoanthropology (the study of human origins) and in forensic anthropology (the analysis and identification of human remains for legal purposes). It draws upon human anthropometrics (body measurements), human genetics ( molecular anthropology ) and human osteology (the study of bones) and includes neuroanthropology , the study of human brain evolution, and of culture as neurological adaptation to environment.

In two centuries biological anthropology has been involved in a range of controversies. The quest for human origins was accompanied by the evolution debate and various racial theories . The nature and nurture debate became a political battleground. There have been various attempts to correlate human physique with psychological traits such as intelligence, criminality and personality type, many of which proved themselves mistaken and are now obsolete.

The nomenclature of the field is not exact: the relevant subdivision of the American Anthropological Association is the Biological Anthropology Section while the principal professional organization is the American Association of Physical Anthropologists . The term "biological anthropology" emerged with the rise of genetics and incorporates genetic markers as well as primate ethology .

The Anthropology Department at the University of Oklahoma has a broadly-based Master's program in biological anthropology, and offers a Ph.D. in Anthropology with an emphasis on Health and Human Biology. Our Health and Human Biology track is an integrative Biological and Medical Anthropology Ph.D. program focusing on the adaptation, evolution, and behaviors of human ancestors and contemporary populations. The primary specialization areas of the faculty and the biological anthropology academic program are genetic/molecular anthropology, medical anthropology, paleopathology, demography, human-animal interactions, and biocultural adaptation.

The University of Oklahoma offers a broad range of graduate-level biological and medical anthropology courses, including Population Genetics, Anthropology and the Health of Indigenous People, Gender and Health, the Anthropology of Aging, Human Adaptability, Medicine and Society, Human Variation, Theory and Method in Biological Anthropology, and Human Evolutionary History. 

Image: What do fractures say about human-animal interactions in the past? Fractured (left) versus normal femur of a domestic dog from the Late Archaic Flint River site, Alabama

The Anthropology Department at the University of Oklahoma has a broadly-based Master's program in biological anthropology, and offers a Ph.D. in Anthropology with an emphasis on Health and Human Biology. Our Health and Human Biology track is an integrative Biological and Medical Anthropology Ph.D. program focusing on the adaptation, evolution, and behaviors of human ancestors and contemporary populations. The primary specialization areas of the faculty and the biological anthropology academic program are genetic/molecular anthropology, medical anthropology, paleopathology, demography, human-animal interactions, and biocultural adaptation.

The University of Oklahoma offers a broad range of graduate-level biological and medical anthropology courses, including Population Genetics, Anthropology and the Health of Indigenous People, Gender and Health, the Anthropology of Aging, Human Adaptability, Medicine and Society, Human Variation, Theory and Method in Biological Anthropology, and Human Evolutionary History. 

Image: What do fractures say about human-animal interactions in the past? Fractured (left) versus normal femur of a domestic dog from the Late Archaic Flint River site, Alabama

Please choose whether or not you want other users to be able to see on your profile that this library is a favorite of yours.

Biological anthropology (also known as bioanthropology [1] and physical anthropology ) is a branch of anthropology that studies the physical development of the human species. It plays an important part in paleoanthropology (the study of human origins) and in forensic anthropology (the analysis and identification of human remains for legal purposes). It draws upon human anthropometrics (body measurements), human genetics ( molecular anthropology ) and human osteology (the study of bones) and includes neuroanthropology , the study of human brain evolution, and of culture as neurological adaptation to environment.

In two centuries biological anthropology has been involved in a range of controversies. The quest for human origins was accompanied by the evolution debate and various racial theories . The nature and nurture debate became a political battleground. There have been various attempts to correlate human physique with psychological traits such as intelligence, criminality and personality type, many of which proved themselves mistaken and are now obsolete.

The nomenclature of the field is not exact: the relevant subdivision of the American Anthropological Association is the Biological Anthropology Section while the principal professional organization is the American Association of Physical Anthropologists . The term "biological anthropology" emerged with the rise of genetics and incorporates genetic markers as well as primate ethology .

Physical/ biological anthropology is the study of the past and present evolution of the human species and is especially concerned with understanding the causes of present human diversity. Within this broad definition it encompasses fields as disparate as human palaeontology, evolutionary biology, human genetics, comparative anatomy and physiology, primate behaviour, human behavioural ecology, and human biology. Human biology broadly covers the areas of modern human biological variation, human ecology, nutrition and demography. What makes physical/ biological anthropology unique is that it brings all of these areas to bear on our understanding of the human condition.

Evolutionary perspectives encompass the origins of modern humans and of modern human diversity; the relationship between climate and human evolution; the evolution of language and cognition. What underlies all of these areas is the interpretation of archaeological and palaeontological evidence. Such evidence is considered within the broader theoretical context of evolutionary biology and furthermore draws on evidence from comparative morphology and behavioural research on both humans and non-human primates.

Evolutionary studies also extend to modern human biological and behaviour variation. One fascinating area of current interest is the degree to which human behaviour is rooted in biology rather than culture. In the general area of human ecology recent concerns emphasise the implications for vulnerable human groups of changes in climate, land tenure and economy. This area also impinges on questions of environmental conservation in the modern world. These more recent interests in human ecology occur alongside the more traditional concerns which focus on human biological variation and the correlates of this variation.

The Anthropology Department at the University of Oklahoma has a broadly-based Master's program in biological anthropology, and offers a Ph.D. in Anthropology with an emphasis on Health and Human Biology. Our Health and Human Biology track is an integrative Biological and Medical Anthropology Ph.D. program focusing on the adaptation, evolution, and behaviors of human ancestors and contemporary populations. The primary specialization areas of the faculty and the biological anthropology academic program are genetic/molecular anthropology, medical anthropology, paleopathology, demography, human-animal interactions, and biocultural adaptation.

The University of Oklahoma offers a broad range of graduate-level biological and medical anthropology courses, including Population Genetics, Anthropology and the Health of Indigenous People, Gender and Health, the Anthropology of Aging, Human Adaptability, Medicine and Society, Human Variation, Theory and Method in Biological Anthropology, and Human Evolutionary History. 

Image: What do fractures say about human-animal interactions in the past? Fractured (left) versus normal femur of a domestic dog from the Late Archaic Flint River site, Alabama

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Biological Anthropology | NSF - National Science Foundation


A career in biological anthropology

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