The ancient civilization of India grew up in a sharply demarcated sub-continent bounded on the north by the world's largest mountain range-the chain of the Himalayas, which, with its extensions to east and west, divided India from the rest of Asia and the world. The long sea coasts of India facilitated the growth of maritime trade and a large number of harbours were established through which trade relations with Rome, China, Malaya, South East Asian archipelago were set up. India's centralised position in Indian Ocean is also of great strategic and economic importance.

India is a curious meeting place of diverse religions, races, manners and customs. From the point of religion, India is the home of the Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists, Christians, Jains, Sikhs and the Paris. Diversity is also to be seen in the languages of the Indian people. From the points of view of race, religions, language, manners and customs, the Indians constitute a composite population.

In ancient literature, mention is found of five natural divisions of India:-

  1. Madhyadesa, i.e. Indo Gangetic plain stretcing from the valley of the river Saraswat to the Rajmahal Hill. This division has been known as Aryavarta from the ancient times.
  2. Uttarapatha or Udichya i.e. North-West India
  3. Pratichya or Aparanta i.e. Western India
  4. Dakshinapatha or Dakshinatya i.e. the area south of Madhyadesa
  5. Prachya or Purvadesa , the region east of Madhyadesa

Ancient India - Ancient History Encyclopedia

Outline of ancient India - Wikipedia

Posted by 2018 article